How Do Airports Make Money?

You might have flown in and out of Airports numerous times but, have you ever wondered how do Airports make money?

In this post we will discuss some of the ways in which Airports make money. 

Revenue generated by Airports can typically be classified into the following sources:

A. Air Navigation Services.
B. Aeronautical Revenue.
C. Non Aeronautical Revenue. 

A. Air Navigation Services.

Revenue generated from air navigation services can further be classified into two sub categories: 

1. Route Navigation Facility Charges (RNFC)

Airports charge Airlines a fee to provide them navigational guidance during overflights. This fee is known as Route Navigation Facility Charges or RNFC. 

2. Terminal Navigational Landing Charges (TNLC)

Aircrafts also need guidance from the Airport Ground Navigation Systems to take off or land safely on a runway. Airports charge a fee for providing this service known as Terminal Navigational Landing Charges. 

B. Aeronautical Revenue.

Revenue generated with reference to the operations of an aircraft is known as Aeronautical Revenue. The following are the sources from which Airports generate Aeronautical Revenue. 

1. Landing Fees

Airport charge landing fees from the Airlines Company to grant them permission to land a particular aircraft at the Airport. Landing fees form a substantial part of the revenue generated by Airport companies. Landing fees are generally determined based on the weight of the aircraft. However, during the busiest slots of the day, landing fee charged could be significantly higher.  

    2. Parking Fees:  

    Airlines companies also have to pay fees to park their aircrafts at the airport between flights. 

    3. Fuel Throughput Charges

    Airlines Companies enter into contracts with oil marketing companies to procure ATF (Airlines Turbine Fuel) at the Airports. The Airport authorities charge a fee on this fuel sold known as the Fuel Throughput Charges. 

    4. Passenger Charges

    Airports have to develop necessary infrastructure to provide passenger services like Security, Terminal Facilities, Baggage Systems, Check-in-counters, boarding bridges and similar facilities. They charge airlines companies fees for the provision of such services. 

    5. Noise Charges

    Noise Charges are levied by Airport companies on Aircrafts that emit higher noise levels. 

    C. Non Aeronautical Revenue.

    Non Aeronautical fees are not directly related to the operations of an aircraft. Airports generate non-aeronautical revenue in the following ways. 

    1. Advertising

    Hundreds and thousands of passengers flow in and out of Airports every single day. And, where there are so many people, there are advertising opportunities. Revenue generated through the sale of advertising slots at Airports is quite significant. 

    2. Car Parking Charges

    All Airports provide car parking facilities to visitors and generate additional revenue by levying car parking charges. 

    3. Lease and Rentals

    Airports give companies space on rent/lease within the Airport premises to set up shops, restaurants, lounges or even entire malls. 

    4. Car Rentals

    Airports also tie up with car rental companies and charge a commission on bookings make through them.   

    Thanks for your time. 


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